Mexico City Roundtable for the Global Nutrition Report

The Global Nutrition Report was presented at a Roundtable event in México City on 17 March, 2015. The event gathered together scholars, opinion leaders, representatives from the Departments of Health and Social Development, and several social programs, including Liconsa (subsidized milk programme), Diconsa (financial services for the rural poor), Prospera (National Crusade Against Hunger, formerly Oportunidades), NGOs, and students interested in knowing more, not only about the main actions and responsibilities that are being realized globally to improve the nutritional status of the population, but also to learn about actions and opportunities to address nutrition issues in Mexico.

Such topics were addressed during the discussion panel in which representatives from academia, civil society, government and Global Nutrition Report organizers participated. This Roundtable event in Mexico City used the Global Nutrition Report as an advocacy tool to highlight areas of opportunity – and barriers –  to improve nutrition in the country.

The Global Nutrition Report tracks worldwide progress for all 193 UN countries in improving their nutrition status. In this respect, Mexico has made significant progress in reducing undernutrition, with the country now on track to meet the WHA target for under-five wasting. Stunting rates have steadily decreased over the last 20 years, from 26.9% in 1996 to 13.6% in 2012. Under-five mortality rates have dropped dramatically over a similar time period, from 46 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 16 in 2012. However, the country is now facing unprecedented challenges from overweight and obesity – in fact, Mexico has one of the highest burdens of overnutrition in adults in the world and the highest in the OECD Countries. Nearly 70% of its population is overweight (BMI≥25) and about 1 in 3 adults is obese (BMI≥30). The government and other actors are tackling this serious public health issue through a number of strategies, such as the Food and Nutrition Strategy (ESiAN) of PROSPERA, the National Crusade Against Hunger, the National Strategy Against Obesity and Diabetes and a soda and junk food tax.

Challenges that face Mexico include data gaps on nutrition, including sensitive and specific interventions throughout the life course, obesity prevention actions beyond the health and nutrition sector (agriculture, water services, trade) and government programs to tackle the prevention of the double burden of malnutrition (undernutrition and obesity).