Mozambique



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2017

NUTRITION COUNTRY PROFILE

www.globalnutritionreport.org

Mozambique

ECONOMICS AND DEMOGRAPHY

Poverty rates and GDP

Source: World Bank 2017.
Note: pop: population; PPP: purchasing power parity.

Under-5 mortality rate

Source: UN Inter-agency Group for Child
Mortality Estimation 2015.

Income inequality

Source: World Bank 2017.
Notes: *0 = perfect equality, **100 = perfect inequality. The
countries with a Gini index are ranked from most equal (1) to
most unequal (152).

Population

Source: 2017 projections from UN Population Division 2017.

CHILD ANTHROPOMETRY

Child anthropometry

Source: WHO/World Bank Group Joint Child
Malnutrition Estimates 2017;

1

 UNICEF 2015.

2

Prevalence of stunting
among children under 5 (%)

Source: WHO/World Bank Group Joint Child
Malnutrition Estimates 2017.

Changes in stunting prevalence over
time, by wealth quintile

Source: DHS surveys 1990−2011 adapted from Bredenkamp et al. 2014.

ADOLESCENT AND ADULT NUTRITION STATUS

Adolescent and adult anthropometry (% population)

Source: WHO 2015;

1

 DHS 2017.

2

Note: NA: not available.

Micronutrient status of population

Source: WHO 2017;

1

 Stevens et al. 2015;

2

 WHO 2004.

3

Metabolic risk factors for diet-related non-communicable

diseases (%)

Source: WHO 2017 and NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2017.

Prevalence of adult overweight and obesity (%), 2014

Source: WHO 2017 and NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2017.
Note: BMI: body mass index.

PROGRESS AGAINST GLOBAL NUTRITION TARGETS 2017

Source: UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Group Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates 2017, WHO 2017, Stevens GA et al 2013, and NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2017.

Notes: Some targets are excluded from analysis as data needs further strengthening or methodological work before it can be used, these are: low birth weight, adolescent obesity,

hypertension and salt intake. See Global Nutrition Report 2017, Appendix 1 for more information. EBF: exclusive breastfeeding; NA: not available; WRA: women of reproductive age.

Gini index score*

Gini index rank**

Year

46

115

2008

Population (thousands)

29,669

2017

Under-5 population (thousands)

5,047

2017

Urban (%)

33

2017

>65 years (%)

3

2017

Number of children under 5 affected (thousands)

Stunting

1

1,916

2011

Wasting

1

271

2011

Overweight

1

351

2011

% of children under 5 affected

Wasting

1

6

2011

Severe wasting

1

2

2011

Overweight

1

8

2011

Low birth weight

2

17

2011

Adolescent overweight

1

NA

NA

Adolescent obesity

1

NA

NA

Women of reproductive age, thinness

2

9

2011

Women of reproductive age, short stature

2

4

2011

Women of reproductive age with anaemia

1

Total population affected (thousands of people)

3,388

2016

Total population affected (%)

51

2016

Vitamin A deficiency in children 6–59 months old (%)

2

55

2013

Population classification of iodine nutrition (age group
5–19 years old)

3

Mild iodine deficiency

1998

Under-5 stunting

Under-5 wasting

Under-5 overweight

WRA anaemia

EBF

NA

NA

NA

No progress or worsening

Some progress

Adult female obesity

Adult male obesity

Adult female diabetes

Adult male diabetes

Off course

Off course

Off course

Off course




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Mozambique

INTERVENTION COVERAGE AND CHILD-FEEDING PRACTICES

Continuum of care (%)

Source: UNICEF 2016;

1

 UN Population Division 2017.

2

Rate of exclusive breastfeeding
of infants under 6 months (%)

Source: UNICEF 2016.

Intervention coverage (%)

Source: UNICEF/Coverage Monitoring Network/ACF International 2012;

1

 UNICEF 2016;

2

 WHO

2016.

3

 Note: Geographical coverage is defined as the % of physical facilities that provide inter-

vention. Full coverage is defined as the % of children that receive the full intervention (two doses).
DTP3: 3 doses of combined diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis vaccine; ORS: oral rehydration salts.

Infant and young child (6–23 months) feeding practices (%)

Source: UNICEF 2016.

UNDERLYING DETERMINANTS

Food supply

Source: FAOSTAT 2015;

1

 FAOSTAT 2014.

2

Gender-related determinants

Source: UNICEF 2016;

1

 UNDP 2016.

2

Note: *0: low inequality, 1: high inequality.

Population density of health workers
per 1,000 people

Source: WHO 2017.

Female secondary education
enrolment (% population)

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2017.
Note: Enrolment can be larger than 100% when women/girls
enroled exceeds the secondary school age group.

Drinking water coverage (% population)

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme 2017.
Note: Due to rounding, numbers might not add up to 100.

Sanitation coverage (% population)

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme 2017.
Note: Due to rounding, numbers might not add up to 100.

Government expenditures (% total)

Source: IFPRI 2015.

FINANCIAL RESOURCES AND POLICY, LEGISLATION, AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) country
institutional transformations (%), 2017

Source: SUN 2017.

Policy and legislative provisions

Source: WHO/UNICEF and IBFAN 2016;

1

 FAO 2003;

2

 ILO 2013;

3

 FFI 2015;

4

 IDS 2015.

5

Availability and stage of
implementation of guidelines/
protocols/standards for the
management of NCDs

Source: WHO 2015.
Note: NCDs: non-communicable diseases.

For complete source information: http://globalnutritionreport.org/the-report/technical-notes

© 2017 Development Initiatives Poverty Research Ltd.

Severe acute malnutrition, geographic
coverage

1

27

2012

Vitamin A supplementation, full coverage

2

99

2014

Children under 5 with diarrhoea receiving
ORS

2

55

2011

Immunisation coverage, DTP3

3

80

2016

Iodised salt consumption

2

25

2009

Minimum acceptable diet

11

2013

Minimum dietary diversity

30

2013

Early childbearing: births by age 18 (%)

1

40

2011

Gender Inequality Index (score*)

2

0.57 2015

Gender Inequality Index (country rank)

2

139

2015

Physicians

0.06

2013

Nurses and midwives

0.4

2013

Community health workers

0.05

2013

National implementation of the
International Code of Marketing of
Breast-milk Substitutes

1

Full

provisions in

law

2016

Extent of constitutional right to food

2

Medium

2003

Maternity Protection Convention 183

3

No

protections

2011

Wheat fortification legislation

4

Planning

2015

Undernutrition mentioned in national
development plans and economic growth
strategies

5

19

 2015–2019

Overnutrition mentioned in national
development plans and economic growth
strategies

5

44

 2015–2019

All major
NCDs

Unavailable

2015