Authors and Acknowledgments

This report was produced by the Independent Expert Group of the Global Nutrition Report, supported by the Global Nutrition Report Stakeholder Group and the Secretariat at Development Initiatives. The writing was led by the co-chairs Jessica Fanzo and Corinna Hawkes, supported by group members and supplemented by additional analysts and contributors.

Members of the Independent Expert Group: Jessica Fanzo (co-chair) Johns Hopkins University, US; Corinna Hawkes (co-chair), City, University of London, UK; Emorn Udomkesmalee (co-chair), Mahidol University, Thailand; Ashkan Afshin, University of Washington, US; Lorena Allemandi, Fundacion InterAmericana Del Corazon, Argentina; Obey Assery, Government of Tanzania, Tanzania; Phillip Baker, Deakin University, Australia; Jane Battersby, University of Cape Town, South Africa; Zulfiqar Bhutta, Center for Global Child Health, Canada and the Center of Excellence in Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Pakistan; Kevin Chen, International Food Policy Research Institute, China; Camilla Corvalan, University of Chile, Chile; Mariachiara Di Cesare, Middlesex University London, UK; Carmel Dolan, Emergency Nutrition Network, UK; Jorge Fonseca, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Italy; Laurence Grummer-Strawn, World Health Organization, Switzerland; Chika Hayashi, UNICEF, US; John McArthur, The Brookings Institution and UN Foundation, US; Anushree Rao, Concern Worldwide, UK; Cynthia Rosenzweig, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, US; and Dominic Schofield, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition Canada, Canada.

Additional authors: Zulfiqar Bhutta, Center for Global Child Health, Canada and the Center of Excellence in Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Pakistan, and Zohra Kamran Lassi, Center for Global Child Health, Canada, contributed to the section ‘Burden of malnutrition in adolescence’ in Chapter 3; Carmel Dolan, Emergency Nutrition Network, UK, Jessica Fanzo, co-chair of the Global Nutrition Report and Darana Souza, FAO, Italy, authored ‘Building nutrition resilience by increasing humanitarian and development links’ in Chapter 3; Klaus Kraemer, Sight and Life, Switzerland, authored ‘More and better data needed about the burden of micronutrient malnutrition’ in Chapter 3; Emily Mates, Emergency Nutrition Network, UK, contributed to the section ‘Critical need to take a new approach to addressing malnutrition in all its forms during crises’ in Chapter 3; Mary Arimond, FHI 360, US, Jennifer Coates, Tufts University, US, and Anna Herforth, independent consultant, US, authored sections of Chapter 4; Phillip Baker, Deakin University, Australia, authored sections of Chapter 4 and contributed Figures 4.1: Trends and patterns in per infant/child commercial breast milk substitutes sales by region, 2005– 2017; 4.10: Trends in energy purchased from sugar-sweetened beverage categories, by country income level; and 4.11: Trends and patterns in per capita packaged food category sales by region, 2005–2017 in Chapter 4, with input from Kathryn Backholer, Deakin University, Australia, and Priscila Machado, Center for Epidemiological Research in Nutrition and Health, University of São Paulo, Brazil; Agnieszka Balcerzak, Catherine LeClercq and Victoria Padula de Quadros, FAO, Italy, authored ‘Opening up national-level data on food consumption’ in Chapter 4; Elizabeth Dunford and Fraser Taylor, The George Institute for Global Health, Australia and Rachel Crossley and Paul Vos, Access to Nutrition Foundation, UK and the Netherlands respectively, authored the section ‘Nutrient quality of packaged foods’ in Chapter 4; Lina Mahy, World Health Organization, Switzerland and Trudy Wijnhoven, FAO, Italy, authored the section ‘New commitments and looking ahead to Tokyo 2020’ in Chapter 5.

Data analysis in the report was led by Jordan Beecher, Zach Christensen, Laurence Ford, Adam Hughes, Alex Miller, Matthew Price, and Richard Watts, Development Initiatives, UK with support from Sam Ashby and Matthew Johnson, independent consultants, UK.

Data was provided by Elaine Borghi, Laurence Grummer-Strawn and Lisa Rogers, World Health Organization, Switzerland; Mariachiara Di Cesare, Middlesex University London, UK, James Bentham, University of Kent, UK, Bin Zhou, Imperial College London, UK, also all of the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration and Chika Hayashi, UNICEF, US, provided access to updated data and technical expert advice for the sections on the maternal and infant and young child nutrition targets. Phillip Baker, Deakin University, Australia, provided data from the Euromonitor International Market Information Database. Ashkan Afshin, University of Washington, US, provided us with data from the Global Burden of Disease. Vrinda R Mehra, UNICEF, US, supported with UNICEF data checks related to Chapter 2. Patrizia Fracassi and William Knechtel, Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN), Switzerland, provided data on national government investments for Chapter 5. Sara Viviani, FAO, Italy, provided access to the Food Insecurity Experience Scale/FIES data and assisted in interpreting it.

Farah Asfahani, Monica Kothari and Jolene Wun, PATH (MQSUN+), US, collected and analysed data and authored the Nutrition for Growth commitment section in Chapter 5. Mary D’Alimonte, Results for Development (R4D), US, and Jordan Beecher, Development Initiatives, UK, provided written contributions or data for Chapter 5 which was drawn on in the final text. Heather Danton, JSI Research & Training Institute, US, provided content for the section 'Seven priority actions for improving adolescent girl nutrition'. Purnima Menon, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), India, provided Indian geospatial data for Figure 2.11: Maps of stunting prevalence in Indian districts, 2015–2016. Megan Schipp, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, US, provided African geospatial figures.

Additional research support throughout the report was provided by Emily Mates, Emergency Nutrition Network, UK.

Authors of the ‘Spotlight’ panels in this report, and their affiliations, are as follows: Ashkan Afshin, University of Washington, US; Chaza Akik, American University of Beirut, Lebanon; Silvia Alayon, Save the Children, US; Stephanie Allan, Oxford Policy Management, UK; Lorena Allemandi, Fundación Interamericana del Corazón, Argentina; Mary Arimond, FHI 360, US; Obey Assery, Prime Minister’s Office of Tanzania, Tanzania; Kathryn Backholer, Deakin University, Australia; Phillip Baker, Deakin University, Australia; Giulia Baldi, World Food Programme, Italy; Juliet Bedford, Anthrologica, UK; Nawal Chahid, General Directorate for Global Affairs, Culture, Education and International Development, France; Kevin Chen, International Food Policy Research Institute, China; Jack Clift, R4D, US; Jennifer Coates, Tufts University, US; Kate Consavage, US Agency for International Development (USAID), US; Katie Dain, NCD Alliance, UK; Mary D’Alimonte, R4D, US; Saskia de Pee, World Food Programme, Italy; Joy Miller Del Rosso, The Manoff Group, US; Ashish Kumar Deo, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, India; Carmel Dolan, Emergency Nutrition Network, UK; Kaia Engesveen, World Health Organization, Switzerland; Caroline Fall, University of Southampton, UK; Amy Fowler, USAID, US; Juliane Friedrich, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Italy; Greg S Garrett, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, Switzerland; Aurore Gary, General Directorate for Global Affairs, Culture, Education and International Development, France; Kavya Ghai, R4D, US; Hala Ghattas, American University of Beirut, Lebanon; Jonathan Gorstein, Iodine Global Network, US; Laurence M Grummer-Strawn, World Health Organization, Switzerland; Corinna Hawkes, City, University of London, UK; Simon Iain Hay, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), US; Anna Herforth, independent consultant, US; Oliver Huse, Deakin University, Australia; Zeina Jamaluddine, American University of Beirut, Lebanon; Siddharth Kanoria, Quantum Consumer Solutions, UK; Nicholas Kassebaum, IHME, US; Laura Kettel Khan, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US; Tanya Khara, Emergency Nutrition Network, UK; Homi Kharas, The Brookings Institution, US; Rudaba Khondker, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, Bangladesh; Damaris Kinyoki, IHME, US; Janosch Klemm, World Food Programme, Italy; Knut-Inge Klepp, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway; Roland Kupka, UNICEF, US; Karin Lapping, FHI 360, US; Krista Lang, World Health Organization, US; Dr Ferew Lemma, Federal Ministry of Health, Ethiopia; Homero Martinez, Nutrition International, Canada; John W McArthur, The Brookings Institution, Canada; Anoushka Millear, IHME, US; Erin Milner, USAID, US; Chizuru Nishida, World Health Organization, Switzerland; Madeleine Onclin, European Commission, Belgium; Aaron Osgood-Zimmerman, IHME, US; Katherine Owens, USAID, US; Mavis Owusu-Gyamfi, The Power of Nutrition, UK; Sarah Parkinson, John Hopkins University, US; Kathleen Pellechia, FHI 360, US; Anne Peniston, USAID, US; Mary Penny, Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Peru; Clara Picanyol, Oxford Policy Management, UK; Brandon Pickering, IHME, US; Anushree Rao, Concern Worldwide, UK; Krista Rasmussen, The Brookings Institution, US; Josef Schmidhuber, FAO, Italy; Chloe Shields, IHME, US; Jeremy Shoham, Emergency Nutrition Network, UK; Roger Shrimpton, World Health Organization, US; Justin Stokes, Ananda Partners, Cambodia; Rebecca W Stubbs, University of Washington, US; Sabiha Sultana, BRAC University, Bangladesh; Tatum Summers, The Power of Nutrition, UK; Mehroosh Tak, Oxford Policy Management, UK; Zimeiyi Wang, International Food Policy Research Institute, China; Jacqui Webster, George Institute for Global Health, Australia; and Birara Melese Yalew, Federal Ministry of Health, Ethiopia.

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Copyright 2018: Development Initiatives Poverty Research Ltd.

Suggested citation: Development Initiatives, 2018. 2018 Global Nutrition Report: Shining a light to spur action on nutrition. Bristol, UK: Development Initiatives.

Disclaimer: Any opinions stated herein are those of the authors and are not necessarily representative of or endorsed by Development Initiatives Poverty Research Ltd or any of the partner organisations involved in the 2018 Global Nutrition Report. Not all Independent Expert Group members will necessarily agree with every word in the report. The boundaries and names used do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by Development Initiatives Poverty Research Ltd.

In December 2018, updates to the report were made on pages 22, 35, 80, 83, 90 and 159.

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Acknowledgements

The Independent Expert Group, under the leadership of co-chairs Jessica Fanzo, Corinna Hawkes and Emorn Udomkesmalee, would like to sincerely thank all the people and organisations that supported the development of the 2018 Global Nutrition Report.

The core Global Nutrition Report team at Development Initiatives worked closely with Jessica Fanzo and Corinna Hawkes, and in support of the wider Independent Expert Group, to bring this year’s report to life. The project was managed by Henna Cheema and Hannah Sweeney. Data analysis was led by Jordan Beecher, with extensive analysis and research across the report by Zach Christensen, Laurence Ford, Adam Hughes, Alex Miller, Matthew Price, and Richard Watts with support from Sam Ashby and Matthew Johnson, independent consultants, UK. Harpinder Collacott contributed to the report and provided editorial guidance. Communications were managed by Emma Cooke, supported by Anna Hope. Amy Cox led outreach and engagement. Georgina Carver, Rebecca Hills and Simon Murphy managed production of the report, supported by Clara Carlino de Paz. Daniel Coppard, Tony German and Judith Randel carried out quality reviews on the report. Additional communications advice on the report’s messaging and design was provided by Portland Communications. Editing was done by Jen Claydon, and design by Definite.design and Soapbox. Martin Atkin supported in writing.

We are also grateful to the three anonymous reviewers for carrying out the external peer review of the report again this year.

The Independent Expert Group is guided by the Global Nutrition Report Stakeholder Group, which provided feedback on the outline, draft and outreach plans for the report: Abigail Perry, Department for International Development, UK (co-chair); Lucy Sullivan, 1,000 Days, US (co-chair); Victor Aguayo, UNICEF, US; Francesco Branca, World Health Organization, Switzerland; John Cordaro, Mars Incorporated, US; Bruno Declercq, European Commission, Mozambique; Juliane Friedrich, IFAD, Italy; Heike Henn, BMZ, Germany; Lawrence Haddad, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, UK; Kate Houston, Cargill, US; Chris Osa Isokpunwu, SUN Focal Point, Nigeria; Lauren Landis, World Food Programme, Italy; Anna Lartey, Food and Agriculture Organization, Ghana; Dr Ferew Lemma, Senior Advisor to the Minister of Health, Ethiopia; Cornelia Loechl, International Atomic Energy Agency, Austria; Anne Peniston, USAID, US; Katherine Richards, Save the Children UK, UK; Jennifer Rosenzweig, World Food Programme, Italy; Joyce Seto, Global Affairs Canada, Canada; Ben Siddle, Irish Aid, Ireland; Rachel Toku-Appiah, Graça Machel Trust, South Africa; Frits Van Der Wal, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands; Gerda Verburg, SUN Movement, Netherlands; Neil Watkins, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, US; Hideya Yamada, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Japan; and Sabrina Ziesemer, BMZ, Germany.

We are particularly grateful to the co-chairs of the Stakeholder Group, Abigail Perry, Department for International Development (UK) and Lucy Sullivan, 1,000 days and Sun CSO Network.

We also received written contributions from people whose work could not be included in this year’s report but nevertheless informed our thinking: Lauren Aubert, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, UK; Karina Sánchez Bazán, Independent Consultant, Mexico; Hannah Brinsden, World Obesity Federation, UK; Kenda Cunningham, Hellen Keller International, UK; Rebecca Heidkamp and Andrew Thorne-Lyman, Johns Hopkins University, US; Warren Lee, FAO, Italy; Tim Lobstein, World Obesity Federation, UK; Renata Micha and Dariush Mozaffarian, Tufts University, US; Laurie Miller, Tufts Medical Center, US; Alexandra Rutishauser-Perera, Action Against Hunger, UK; Jonathan Tench, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, UK; and members of the Independent Expert Group.

We thank the following donors for their financial support for this year’s report: Department for International Development (UK), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, USAID, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Global Affairs Canada, European Commission, the Eleanor Crook Foundation and Irish Aid.

Finally, we thank you, the readers of the Global Nutrition Report, for your enthusiasm and constructive feedback from the 2014 Global Nutrition Report to today. We aim to ensure the report stays relevant using data, analysis and evidence-based success stories that respond to the needs of your work, from decision-making to implementation, across the development landscape.

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