Appendix 03

Appendix 3: Countries with significant multiple forms of malnutrition

A country was considered ‘burdened’ by a malnutrition indicator depending on whether the national prevalence was greater than a certain cut-off. Stunting was measured in children aged under 5 and its burden limit was 20% or more. Anaemia among women of reproductive age (15–49 years) had the same 20% or more cut-off, and for overweight women (18+) this was 35% or more. Countries with sufficient data (data available across all three indicators - 141 in total) were analysed over the three malnutrition indicators. Table A3 details which countries suffer from one, two or three burdens.

Table A3: Countries with one, two or three forms of malnutrition

Overweight only Anameia only Stunting only Overweight and anaemia Overweight and stunting Anaemia and stunting Triple Burden
11 5 1 54 3 26 41
Argentina China Philippines Algeria Ecuador Afghanistan Albania
Australia Japan Armenia Guatemala Bangladesh Angola
Brunei Darussalam Republic of Korea Azerbaijan Honduras Bhutan Benin
Chile Singapore Barbados Burkina Faso Botswana
Costa Rica Sri Lanka Belarus Burundi Cameroon
Germany Belize Cambodia Comoros
Mexico Bolivia Central African Republic Congo
Mongolia Bosnia and Herzegovina Chad Côte d'Ivoire
Nicaragua Brazil Democratic People's Republic of Korea Djibouti
Peru Bulgaria Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt
US Colombia Eritrea Equatorial Guinea
Cuba Ethiopia Gambia
Czechia India Guinea
Dominican Republic Indonesia Guinea-Bissau
El Salvador Lao People's Democratic Republic Haiti
Fiji Madagascar Iraq
Gabon Malawi Kenya
Georgia Mozambique Lesotho
Ghana Myanmar Liberia
Guyana Nepal Libya
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Niger Malaysia
Jamaica Pakistan Maldives
Jordan Rwanda Mali
Kazakhstan Timor-Leste Mauritania
Kuwait Uganda Namibia
Kyrgyzstan Viet Nam Nigeria
Lebanon Papua New Guinea
Montenegro Sierra Leone
Morocco Solomon Islands
Oman Somalia
Panama South Africa
Paraguay Sudan
Republic of Moldova Swaziland
Romania Syria
Saint Lucia
Samoa Tajikistan
Sao Tome and Principe Togo
Saudi Arabia Tanzania
Senegal Vanuatu
Serbia Yemen
Seychelles Zambia
Palestine Zimbabwe
Suriname
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela

Source: UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Group: Joint child malnutrition estimates, NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, WHO Global Health Observatory.

Notes: Stunting in children aged under 5 years ≥20%; anaemia in women of reproductive age ≥20%; overweight (body mass index ≥25) in adult women aged ≥18 years ≥35%. Based on data for 141 countries.

Share Appendix 3: Countries with significant multiple forms of malnutrition

Download the 2018 Global Nutrition Report

Download the report