Nutrition for Growth (N4G) commitment to 2020
1. Commit to Japan's Strategy on Global Health Diplomacy and its policy relevance with nutrition.
2. Introduce ongoing public–private partnership in India, Bangladesh, and Ghana, with particular focus on Ghana’s trilateral partnership between the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Ajinomoto, and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
3. Multilateral partnership including SUN and with the World Food Programme (WFP).
1. Japan regards nutrition as one of the fundamental factors for Universal Health Coverage and promoted global actions through organizing G20 and TICAD7. Based on this idea, Japanese Prime Minister Abe officially announced that it would host Global Nutrition Summit in 2020 and 5 thematic WGs were launched to prepare for the Summit.
2. JICA understands that private-sector activities are imperative for improving nutrition in developing countries. In October 2008, JICA established the Private-Sector Partnership office and reorganized it into Private-Sector Partnership and finance department in 2013, in order to strengthen the partnerships with private corporations. JICA has continuously implemented a total number of 11 nutrition-specific and -sensitive projects within the partnership scheme. Besides these projects, as a co-chair of “Nutrition Japan Public Private Platform (NJPPP)”, which has developed a framework for public-private partnership to promote sustainable commercial business engaged in nutrition improvement activities, JICA has been supporting private companies building business models for nutritional improvement in developing countries. NJPPP ongoing projects and a survey are as follows:
- Workplace Nutrition Project in Indonesia －provides nutrition balanced meal through catering company
- Multi-micronutrients fortified rice in Cambodia ―introduces fortified rice as a staple food in Cambodia
- New type of health check-up in Vietnam (Site-visit survey) ―plans to introduces an innovative health check-up business model utilizing industry-government-academia-private technology and knowledge in Japan.
3. JICA, as a principle executive organ of Japanese ODA, has been implementing a great number of bilateral cooperation projects concerning nutrition mainly in Africa and Asia, which amount to a total of approximately USD 154 million . In parallel, JICA is also playing a leading role in the promotion of “Initiative for Food and Nutrition Security in Africa (IFNA)” which was established in 2016 with an aim of facilitating multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder nutrition interventions in Africa. The ‘Guiding Principle of IFNA’ stresses in its preamble that IFNA is to align with other international frameworks including SUN. In this regard, JICA has been continuously implementing since 2014 the training course "Improvement of Maternal and Child Nutrition" designed for the relevant government officials from SUN member countries. In 2018, the 12 trainees from SUN member countries said training course participated in including 8 trainees from Africa. Furthermore, on February 13, 2019, JICA President Shinichi Kitaoka had a meeting in Tokyo with Ms. Gerda Verburg, the Coordinator of the SUN. The two leaders discussed how SUN and Japan should best partner to improve nutrition in the world and had a shared fundamental understanding of and orientation toward: 1) initiatives for nutrition improvement that go beyond the sectors, with a special emphasis on agriculture; 2) Japan's leadership role in preparation of the 2020 Nutrition for Growth Summit to be held in Tokyo; and 3) making active use of Japan's expertise and experience. IFNA is been operated in close partnership with multiple international organisations and WFP is one of the IFNA Steering Committee (IFNA-SC) members being a driving force of IFNA. In 2018, several joint activities have launched within the initiative, one of the prominent examples of which is the collaboration between WFP and JICA in Sierra Leone. As of September 2019, WFP and the Sustainable Rice Production Project (SRPP) supported by JICA and implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MOF) of Sierra Leone agreed to assist smallholder farmers in the country to increase the productivity, build linkage to the market and improve food and nutrition security. On 14 February 2018, GAIN and WFP, closely coordinating with the Government of Japan facilitated SUN business network Asia gathering in Tokyo aiming to accelerate involvement of private sector to the Nutrition for Growth Summit 2020 of which the Government of Japan will organize along with the occasion of Tokyo Olympic/Paralympic. The total of 94 participants including 16 companies, the government officials and JICA participated in this gathering and discussed what will be the effective role that private sector would be able to play in countries.
Although original commitment is vague, significant actions have been taken for all three commitments.