Nutrition for Growth (N4G) commitment
1. Commit to Japan's Strategy on Global Health Diplomacy and its policy relevance with nutrition.
2. Introduce ongoing public–private partnership in India, Bangladesh, and Ghana, with particular focus on Ghana’s trilateral partnership between the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Ajinomoto, and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
3. Multilateral partnership including SUN and with the World Food Programme (WFP).
1. Japan commits to Japan's Strategy on Global Health Diplomacy and its policy relevance with nutrition.
Japan regards nutrition as one of the fundamental factors for Universal Health Coverage and has promoted global actions through incorporating this into the agenda of G20 and the Seventh Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD7). Based on this understanding, Japanese Prime Minister Abe officially announced that Japan would host the Tokyo Nutrition for Growth (N4G) Summit in 2020 (then postponed to 2021). Having wider consultations, Japan has identified five important themes to be highlighted at the summit and international working groups (WGs) were launched to show key actions to end malnutrition in all its forms and proposed some examples of SMART commitments for each thematic area. In addition, Japan has organized five constituency groups to support five stakeholders to make commitments to be presented at the summit effectively and efficiently. With the cooperation of the WGs and the constituency groups, Japan has prepared and published the Vision and Roadmap and Commitment-Making Guide to help every stakeholder understand the importance of engagement to the Summit and make a meaningful commitment towards the Summit. Although Japan has decided to postpone the Summit for a year until December 2021 in light of the continued global spread of Covid-19, Japan will continue to make the utmost efforts to make the Summit successful.
We would like to report on our commitments and disbursements in 2018, for both nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions, as follows:
1. All figures are presented as USD (2018 DAC designated exchange rate: 110.4378 JPY = 1 USD).
2. According to the methodology indicated in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's Development Assistance Committee (OECD-DAC) nutrition policy marker handbook, projects with score 2 and those with score 1 were classified as nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions, respectively.
In August 2019, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a loan agreement with the Government of Republic of Rwanda to provide a Japanese overseas development assistance (ODA) loan of up to 10 billion yen for the Sector Policy Loan, which aims to develop an environment with adequate nutrition intake for children in Rwanda.
2. Japan continuously commits to introduce ongoing public-private partnerships (PPPs) in developing countries.
JICA seeks to further strengthen PPPs working on improvement of all forms of malnutrition in reaching SDG 2, with a total number of 6 nutrition-specific and -sensitive ongoing projects within JICAs PPPs scheme, which also helps private companies to incorporate SDGs into their business strategies. Moreover, Nutrition Japan Public Private Platform (NJPPP), co-chaired by JICA and the Japan Food Industry Center (JAFIC), was launched in 2016 to promote sustainable commercial business engaged in nutrition improvement activities of private sectors. The secretariat and JICA have been supporting its members to build their business models to address malnutrition, and also offer JICAs PPPs scheme as another pathway to driving business for improved nutrition. Currently, the platform has held private sector-driven work sessions divided into several thematic areas to make commitments towards the Summit.
NJPPP ongoing projects and a survey are as follows:
Nutrition enlightenment activities applying blockchain technologies in workplace nutrition improvement in Cambodia Project applies a token system fully utilizing blockchain to improve nutritional literacy and behavioral changes in a company.
Workplace Nutrition Project in Indonesia provides nutrition-balanced meals through a catering company.
Multi-micronutrient fortified rice in Cambodia introduces fortified rice as a staple food in Cambodia.
Development of Enlightening Health Check-up and Nutrition Improvement program in Vietnam (site visit survey) plans to introduce an innovative health check-up business model utilizing industry-government-academia-private technology and knowledge in Japan.
A survey of workplace nutrition improvement projects through catering services in Myanmar project a survey to select a factory to be provided nutritionally balanced diets and nutrition education for better productivity of companies.
3. Japan commits to multilateral partnerships including SUN and with the World Food Programme (WFP).
JICA, as a principle executive organ of Japanese ODA, has been implementing a great number of bilateral cooperation projects concerning nutrition mainly in Africa and Asia, which amount to a total of approximately USD 190 million.* In parallel, JICA is also playing a leading role in the promotion of the Initiative for Food and Nutrition Security in Africa (IFNA),** which was established in 2016 with an aim of facilitating multisectoral and multistakeholder nutrition interventions in Africa.
The Guiding Principle of IFNA stresses in its preamble that IFNA is to align with other international frameworks including SUN. In this regard, JICA has been continuously implementing since 2014 the training course Improvement of Maternal and Child Nutrition, designed for the relevant government officials from SUN member countries. In 2019, 11 trainees from SUN member countries, including 7 trainees from Africa, participated in the training course. Furthermore, JICA President Shinichi Kitaoka was appointed by the Secretary General of the United Nations as a member of the SUN Lead Group in June 2019. Dr. Kitaoka attended the annual meeting of the group in September 2019 and committed its contribution to nutrition improvement in developing countries through various activities including IFNA, making active use of Japan's expertise and experience. In addition, JICA attended other SUN-related meetings, such as the SUN Global Gathering in November 2019, and discussed ways of strengthening global momentum of nutrition improvement toward the summit.
IFNA has been operated in close partnership with multiple international organizations and WFP is one of the IFNA Steering Committee (IFNA-SC)*** members being a driving force of IFNA. In 2019, JICA and WFP amended their cooperation agreement and nutrition was added in the amended agreement as a key area of cooperation. In order to materialize actions described in the agreement on the ground, JICA and WFP discussed ways of cooperation and candidate of priority countries of cooperation for nutrition improvement.
* The total amount of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive projects extracted from all the bilateral cooperation projects implemented by JICA in 2018 (calendar year, disbursement based).
** To strengthen the momentum of IFNA, a high-level event was held in Yokohama City, Japan, at the margin of TICAD7 in August 2019.
*** IFNA-SC members (10 orgs): African Development Bank (AfDB), FAO, IFAD, JICA, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), New Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD), UNICEF, WFP, WHO and World Bank (WB).
At least half of the individual commitment components are assessed to be on course