Nutrition for Growth (N4G) commitment
Provide US$3.04 million toward nutrition programs.
Sizeable allocations in the 2020 budget went to agriculture, with the ministry getting ZWL11.3 billion, while primary and secondary education got ZWL 8.5billion. Health and Child Welfare received ZWL6.5 and public service ZWL2.4 billion. In terms of sectoral spending targets and performance, the country is not doing well. The Social Policy for Africa (2008) recommends that countries must spend at least 4.5% of their GDP on social protection. However, in 2019, the country spent an estimated 0.26% of its GDP on social protection, while the projected social spending for 2020 is 0.7%. With respect to the allocation to health, public expenditure rose to 10.2% up from 9% in 2019. The Abuja target still remains an elusive target for the country. Government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure is less than 15%, which is the Abuja target over the period 2012-2020.
Reported progress shows that the amount allocated in 2019 (US$147,463,500.00) far exceeds the target of US$3,040,000
1. Develop high-quality, validated, and costed national nutrition plan by end of 2013.
2. Ensure investment allocations for social services are nutrition sensitive (including health, agriculture, education, and social protection).
3. Enforce existing legal instruments and establish new ones as per need.
After the lapse of a costed National Nutrition Strategy 2013-2018, a draft Multisectoral Food and Nutrition Security Strategy has been developed. Costing and MEAL Framework are currently underway.
A total of 39 budget lines were identified to be contributing towards nutrition in the 2020 budget; the budget lines dropped from 45 lines that were identified in 2019, the reason being that some sub-programmes or programmes were combined in the 2020 budget. Of the 39 lines identified, 11 were specific to nutrition while 28 were sensitive to nutrition interventions. The Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare is the ministry responsible for social protection, it was allocated a total of ZWL 2,370,696,00 in 2020. The ministry was ranked 9th on overall allocations. Taking a look at the 2019 expenditure in September against the revised estimates, the overall budget performance was 30.9%. This is an indicator of underperformance, taking into consideration the fact that the fiscal year was only left with 3 months. Programme 3, Social Welfare, to which most nutrition programmes including social welfare belong, had only expensed ZWL 303,726,322 against a revised estimate of ZWL 991,923,000 which translates to 30.6% of its allocation. A total of 7 programmes under the sector were identified to be contributing a total of ZWL 596,643,000 towards nutrition under this ministry. The Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, water, climate and rural resettlement chairs the National Food and Nutrition Security Committee and is responsible for the production of safe and nutritious foods in the country. In the 2020 national budget, the ministry was allocatd ZWL 11,334,459,000; it was the ranked first on overall allocations to ministries and commissions. Unlike in 2018 when the ministry overspent its allocation by over 300%, in 2019 the vote had spent 41% of its revised estimate with 3 more months to complete the fiscal year. A total of 25 budget lines under this vote were identified to be contributing an estimated ZWL 486,652,250 towards nutrition in the 2020 national budget. Although the Ministry of Health and Child Care is the parent ministry for nutrition, no notable changes were identified in the 2020 national budget allocations towards nutrition; 11 budget lines under the ministry were identified to be contributing towards nutrition. However, there was no specific budget line for nutrition under the vote. The ministry had spent 56% of its 2019 revised estimate when the 2020 national budget was prepared. With 3 more months to complete the year overall spending was within limits. Programme 2 - Public Health was the only line that had under spent as it had only expensed 33% of its revised estimate. The nutrition department can take advantage of this programme to ensure more financial resources are channeled towards its interventions. In the 2020 national budget vote, 14 was ranked 3rd and it received a total of ZWL 6,567,317,000. The Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education supports programmes related to school feeding, health and hygiene in schools. The vote received a total of ZWL 8,526,223,000 from the 2020 national budget allocations and was second on overall rankings. It was more likely that this vote would overspend the 2019 revised estimate as it had expensed 72% of its allocation with 3 months to end the fiscal year; 6 lines from the sector were identified to be contributing towards nutrition in the 2020 national budget. The integrated and programme disbursement makes it a challenge to track commitments. Technical Assistance is required for key sectors to be able to analyse, track and report on any budget allocations made in a particular year and sector.
3. a. Food Fortification Strategy Review and Development underway and will include home fortification and bio-fortification; b. Developed a National Agricultural Policy Framework which is nutrition sensitive with its accompanying strategies like the Agriculture Food Systems Transformation Strategy, Agriculture Recovery Plan, Livestock Development Plan, Horticulture recovery Plan among others; c. Food Safety Regulations are under review with ongoing multistakeholder consultations; d. Adolescent Nutrition Strategy still being developed; e. Community Health Strategy.
At least half of the individual commitment components are assessed to be on course
1. Scale-up of food and nutrition security interventions, with a national coverage of >80% by 2020.
2. Fully establish financial as well as outcome/impact tracking system of food and nutrition interventions by 2014.
3. Ensure that the multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder policy implementation structures remain active and are accountable for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of nutrition response.
A community-based multisectoral approach to food and nutrition security is being scaled up through the continual support of Food and Nutrition Security Committees at provincial, district and ward levels. Two Provincial Urban councils, namely Bulawayo and Harare (including Chitungwiza), were capacitated to operationalise the multistakeholder food and nutrition security committee.
2. National Assessments coordinated under Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZimVAC) feed into national outcome and interventions tracking systems in addition to other assessments. In 2020, national rural and urban vulnerability assessments were done within a Covid-19 environment. Also, an online FNS tracking tool for use by the subnational structures during Covid-19 was developed and 19 districts reported on the impact of Covid-19 on FNS in their areas. The institutionalisation of the tracking systems is commendable. However, there is still a gap in terms of development of a sound financial tracking system even though we are doing well in terms of programme tracking.
The multisectoral and multi-stakeholder policy implementation structures remain active and are accountable for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of nutrition response. Strengthening functionality of multisectoral and multistakeholder policy implementation structures is ongoing through various mentorship approaches. In 2020, mentorship and coordination was carried out in 38 districts out of 60 and there was online interdistrict learning exercise in 6 districts. Joint coordination and mentorship meetings were done in all districts where districts and provinces developed local FNS response strategies for the key issues affecting their areas. EU project evaluation in 4 multi-sectoral community based model (MCBM) districts was coordinated by the subnational structures and this is an indication of ownership and accountability of the processes at subnational level.
At least half of the individual commitment components are assessed to be on course