Country government

Zimbabwe

Nutrition for Growth (N4G) commitment

Reported progress

Assessment

Financial commitments
London 2013

Provide US$3.04 million toward nutrition programs.

Reported progress

The 45 nutrition-relevant programmes are overseen by seven ministries, departments and agencies, which allocated approximately $147,463,500,00 towards nutrition in 2019 (all estimates). This translates to approximately 1.7% of the national budget.

However, significant proportions of nutrition expenditure will fall within much larger health system spending or the spending of other ministries and are unlikely to be isolated in a nutrition budget line.

More progress is needed on nutrition financial tracking, particularly on nutrition-sensitive allocations disbursements and accountability.

Assessment
Reached commitment
Basis of assessment

Reported progress shows that the amount allocated in 2019 (US$147,463,500.00) far exceeds the target of US$3,040,000

Policy commitments
London 2013

1. Develop high-quality, validated, and costed national nutrition plan by end of 2013.

2. Ensure investment allocations for social services are nutrition sensitive (including health, agriculture, education, and social protection).

3. Enforce existing legal instruments and establish new ones as per need.

Reported progress

1. On course.

A costed National Nutrition Strategy 2013-2018 was developed, which lapsed in 2018.

A review and update of the National Food and Nutrition Security Strategy is underway. A costed reviewed plan is expected before the end of the year in 2020.

2. The 2019 budget allocated $1,020,552,000 towards Vote 8 Lands, Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement. The allocation is almost double the revised estimate of 2018 of $585,386,000. The Vote 8 appropriation constitutes 12% of the national budget, indicating a positive trend towards achieving the 10% target of the Malabo declaration. This shows a 1.3 percentage point increase from the 2017 fiscal years appropriation.

Vote 14 Health and Childcare was allocated a total of $755,837,000, representing an increase of 59% from the 2018 revised estimate of $474,896,000. The allocation represents 9% of the national budget, an increase from 8.1% in 2018. This, however, remains below the 15% Abuja target; 60% of the allocation goes towards employment costs, leaving only 40% for operations and capital expenditure.

Although the nutrition department is under this vote, it is neither a programme nor a sub-programme, making it difficult to estimate the allocation towards nutrition-specific interventions.

Vote 3 Labour and Social Welfare received an appropriation of $81,385,000 in 2019 up from $53,156,000 in the previous year. Its appropriation constitutes only 1% of the total votes; taking into consideration that approximately $7,243,000 will go towards employment costs, this vote will only be left with approximately $73 million for operations and capital expenditures.

The integrated and programme disbursement makes it a challenge to track commitments. Technical assistance is required for key sectors to be able to analyse, track and report on any budget allocations made in a particular year and sector.

3. On course.

Review of relevant legal instruments is ongoing, with the following drafts in place:

Draft Food Safety Strategy

Food and Feed Safety Act

Adolescent Nutrition Strategy

The Agricultural Policy Framework, which is nutrition sensitive.

Assessment
On course
Basis of assessment

At least half of the individual commitment components are assessed to be on course

Program commitments
London 2013

1. Scale-up of food and nutrition security interventions, with a national coverage of >80% by 2020.

2. Fully establish financial as well as outcome/impact tracking system of food and nutrition interventions by 2014.

3. Ensure that the multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder policy implementation structures remain active and are accountable for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of nutrition response.

Reported progress

1. A community-based multisectoral approach to food and nutrition security is being scaled up through the resuscitation of Food and Nutrition Security Committees at district and ward levels. To date, 42 out of 60 district committees are in place, with ward committees being established through the Multisectoral Community Based Model to Food and Nutrition Security for Stunting Reduction (MCBM).

The Livelihood and Food Security Programme aimed at improving food security, livelihoods and nutrition is implemented in 12 out of 60 districts, of which bio-fortification promotion is still in 2 districts. Scale-up of evidence-based interventions to more districts is recommended if interventions are to trigger positive food and nutrition outcomes.

2. On course.

National assessments coordinated under the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) feed into national outcome and interventions tracking systems, in addition to other assessments. In 2019, national rural and urban vulnerability assessments were done. In 2020, a rapid assessment and a rural livelihood assessment were done in line with the Covid-19 IPC regulation, with district-level representation. The institutionalisation of the tracking systems is commendable.

3. On course.

The multisectoral and multistakeholder policy implementation structures remain active and are accountable for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of nutrition response. Strengthening functionality of multisectoral and multistakeholder policy implementation structures is ongoing through various mentorship approaches.

Assessment
On course
Basis of assessment

At least half of the individual commitment components are assessed to be on course