The Nutrition Action Classification System

Footnotes

  1. Nutrition for Growth. Tokyo Nutrition for Growth Summit 2021 [Available from: https://nutritionforgrowth.org/events/.

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  2. United Nations. Food Systems Summit 2021 [Available from: https://www.un.org/en/food-systems-summit.

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  5. United Nations. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals. https://sdgs.un.org/goals. Accessed 13 September 2021.

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  6. Starr L. Theory of Change: Facilitator’s Guide. Washington, DC: The Technical and Operational Performance Support (TOPS) Program; 2019.

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  7. The designation direct and indirect seeks to differentiate between nutrition-related actions that have a direct (specific) or indirect (sensitive) focus on nutrition. Those with a direct focus directly target nutrition, for example aimed at improving infant and young child feeding practices, food and nutrient intakes, nutrition-related health outcomes (stunting, wasting, obesity and diet-related NCDs etc), such as promoting and supporting breastfeeding, implementing food taxes and subsidies (food prices), treating severe acute malnutrition and integrating a nutrition counselling program for obesity therapy in the health system. Those with an indirect focus target broader factors that can affect and improve the causes and manifestations of malnutrition in all its forms, for example education, agriculture, social protection, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), infectious disease control and reproductive health.

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  8. World Health Organization, 2019. Essential nutrition actions: mainstreaming nutrition through the life-course. Geneva.

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  9. World Health Organization. Commitments. https://www.who.int/initiatives/decade-of-action-on-nutrition/commitments. Accessed 13 September 2021.

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  13. Nutrition for Growth, 2021. Commitment-Making Guide.

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  14. United Nations. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals [Available from: https://sdgs.un.org/goals.

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  16. United Nations. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals [Available from: https://sdgs.un.org/goals.

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  17. United Nations Food Systems Summit. Summary Table of First wave of game-changing propositions. 2021.

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  18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Health Organization, editors, 2014. Framework for Action. Second International Conference on Nutrition, Rome, Italy.

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  20. Eileen Kennedy, Fekadu H, 2016. Chapter 5.5 The Role of Good Governance in Delivering Good Nutrition. Good Nutrition: Perspectives for the 21st Century. Basel: Karger. p. 289–300.

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  32. Starr L. Theory of Change: Facilitator’s Guide. Washington, DC: The Technical and Operational Performance Support (TOPS) Program.; 2019. Mozaffarian D, Afshin A, Benowitz NL, Bittner V, Daniels SR, Franch HA, et al. Population approaches to improve diet, physical activity, and smoking habits: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012;126(12):1514-63.

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