2021 Global Nutrition Report

The 2021 Global Nutrition Report provides a concise data-focused update on the state of diets and nutrition in the world. Independent analysis of the best data on nutrition is critical for evidence-based, timely and effective actions to ensure we deliver on our global commitment to end poor diets and malnutrition.

Image by USDA/Lance Cheung
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Poor diets and resulting malnutrition in all its forms are unacceptably high across the world, creating one of the world’s greatest current societal challenges. The need for bolder, sustained and better coordinated action on nutrition that goes far beyond the nutrition community has never been greater.

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Executive summary

The 2021 Global Nutrition Report sets out progress towards the global nutrition targets, evaluates the impact of poor diets on our health and our planet, assesses the nutrition financing landscape, and provides a comprehensive overview of reporting on past Nutrition for Growth (N4G) commitments.

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Chapter One

A world free from malnutrition: An assessment of progress towards the global nutrition targets

At the current rate of progress, the global nutrition targets will not be achieved by 2025. We assess performance against the targets, examine how the Covid-19 pandemic is further impeding progress, and pose some of the short- and long-term responses urgently needed to bring the world back on track.

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Chapter Two

What we eat matters: Health and environmental impacts of diets worldwide

Diets affect both human and planetary health, with a quarter of all adult deaths attributable to poor diets, and current food demand responsible for more than a third of greenhouse gas emissions. This chapter presents new estimates of the associated health and environmental impacts of our diets today.

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Chapter Three

More money for nutrition, more nutrition for the money: Financing nutrition

Current financing challenges, exacerbated by the economic downturn triggered by Covid-19, threaten to increase malnutrition. We examine the global resourcing needs, and collective effort required of stakeholders to address malnutrition and build human capital, to raise more financing and to deliver more impact with the money we have.

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Chapter Four

From promise to action: Progress towards the 2013 and 2017 Nutrition for Growth commitments

This chapter assesses progress towards the 2013 and 2017 Nutrition for Growth commitment goals and examines the alignment of the N4G commitment goals with the global nutrition targets. We also present findings on the effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on stakeholders’ ability to achieve their commitment goals in 2020.

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Shareable definitions of the terms we have used across the report

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Acronyms and abbreviations

A list of the acronyms and abbreviations we have used across the report.

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Authorship, acknowledgements and suggested citation

Authorship of the report, thanks to those involved in creating it and a suggestion for how to cite it

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Endorsements of the 2021 Global Nutrition Report.

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Dataset and metadata

The data, metadata and technical note used for the 2021 Global Nutrition Report

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appendix one

Appendix: Chapter 2 methodology and data sources

We estimated the mortality and disease burden attributable to dietary and weight-related risk factors by calculating population impact fractions (PIFs), which represent the proportions of disease cases that would be…

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