Country Nutrition Profiles

Explore the latest data on nutrition at global, regional and country level, with interactive charts that let you see what progress your country has made towards the global nutrition targets.

Image by Rudd Center for Food Policy & Health

Select and filter regions and countries

San Marino

Share section

The burden of malnutrition at a glance

San Marino is 'on course' to meet one of the global nutrition targets for which there was sufficient data to assess progress.

San Marino is 'on course' to meet one targets for maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN). No progress has been made towards achieving the target of reducing anaemia among women of reproductive age and there is inadequate prevalence data to show the proportion of women aged 15 to 49 years that are affected. Meanwhile, San Marino is 'on course' for the low birth weight target, with 3.3% of infants having a low weight at birth. There is insufficient data to assess the progress that San Marino has made towards achieving the exclusive breastfeeding target, nor is there adequate prevalence data. Similarly, there is insufficient prevalence data or data to assess the progress that San Marino has made towards achieving the target for stunting. There is also insufficient data to assess the progress that San Marino has made towards achieving the target for wasting, nor is there adequate prevalence data. There is inadequate prevalence data to show the proportion of children under 5 years of age who are overweight and there is insufficient data available to assess whether San Marino is on course to prevent the figure from increasing.

There is insufficient data to assess San Marino's progress towards achieving the diet-related non-communicable disease (NCD) targets.

Progress towards the global nutrition targets

Childhood stunting

Childhood stunting

No data
Anaemia

Anaemia

No progress or worsening
Low birth weight

Low birth weight

On track
Childhood overweight

Childhood overweight

No data
Exclusive breastfeeding

Exclusive breastfeeding

No data
Childhood wasting

Childhood wasting

No data
Sodium intake, women and men

Sodium intake, women and men

No data
Raised blood pressure, women

Raised blood pressure, women

No data
Raised blood pressure, men

Raised blood pressure, men

No data
Obesity, women

Obesity, women

No data
Obesity, men

Obesity, men

No data
Diabetes, women

Diabetes, women

No data
Diabetes, men

Diabetes, men

No data

Source: WHO. Global Health Observatory Data Repository/World Health Statistics. Available at: https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/indicators. Accessed 2 September 2021; UNICEF/WHO. Low birthweight estimates; published online 2019. Available at: https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/low-birthweight. Accessed 24 August 2021; UNICEF. Global databases: Infant and young child feeding; published online July 2020. Available at: http://data.unicef.org/nutrition/iycf. Accessed 24 August 2021; UNICEF/WHO/World Bank. Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Stunting, Wasting and Overweight; published online July 2020. Available at: https://data.unicef.org/resources/dataset/malnutrition-data. Accessed 31 August 2021; NCD Risk Factor Collaboration. 2017. Available at: http://ncdrisc.org/data-downloads.html. Accessed 24 August 2021; Tufts University. Global Dietary Database; published online 2019. Available at: https://www.globaldietarydatabase.org/data-download. Accessed 6 September 2021.

Notes: Progress towards the maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN) and diet-related non-communicable disease (NCD) global nutrition targets is classified as ‘on course’ if the target is met, ‘some progress' or ‘no progress or worsening’. MIYCN targets include anaemia among women of reproductive age (15–49 years), infants with low birthweight, exclusive breastfeeding among infants under 6 months of age, and childhood stunting, wasting and overweight. NCD targets include adult obesity and diabetes, raised blood pressure and sodium intake. Obesity and diabetes are based on age-standardised modelled estimates for adults aged 18 years and older, using the WHO standard population; they are reported by sex due to limitations in data availability. Anaemia and low birthweight are also based on modelled estimates. The specific targets set are: 40% reduction in the number of children under 5 years of age who are stunted; 50% reduction of anaemia in women of reproductive age; 30% reduction in low birth weight; no increase in childhood overweight; increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months to at least 50%; reduce and maintain childhood wasting to less than 5%; 30% relative reduction in the mean population intake of salt/sodium by 2025; 25% relative reduction in the prevalence of raised blood pressure or contain the prevalence of raised blood pressure, according to national circumstances; and halt the rise in obesity and diabetes. The methodologies for tracking progress differ across targets. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Share section

Diet

Infant and young child feeding

Prevalence of infant and young child feeding indicators

We have no data for this section

Dietary intakes

Dietary intakes of key foods and nutrients in adults aged 20 years and over compared against minimum and maximum targets (where ideal intake is within the shaded area)

We have no data for this section
Share section

Nutrition strategies and financing

National nutrition policies

Implemented national food and NCD policies

Food-based dietary guidelines
No
Legislation for mandatory salt iodisation
No
Sugar-sweetened beverage tax
No
Policy to reduce salt/sodium consumption
Yes
Policy to limit saturated fatty acid intake
Yes
Policy to eliminate industrially produced trans fatty acids
No
Policy to reduce the impact of marketing of foods and beverages high in saturated fats, trans fatty acids, free sugars, or salt on children
No
Operational policy, strategy, or action plan to reduce unhealthy diet related to non-communicable diseases
Yes
Operational, multisectoral policy, strategy or action plan for non-communicable diseases
Yes
Operational policy, strategy or action plan for diabetes
Yes

Source: Global Fortification Data Exchange. Available at: https://fortificationdata.org/interactive-map-fortification-legislation. Accessed 31 August 2021; Global Fortification Data Exchange. Available at: https://fortificationdata.org/interactive-map-fortification-legislation. Accessed 24 August 2021; WHO. Global Health Observatory Data Repository. Available at: https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/indicators. Accessed 2 September 2021.

Notes: Country with food-based dietary guidelines in 2018, sugar-sweetened beverage tax in 2017 and all other policies in 2019. 'Policy' is defined as a specific official decision or set of decisions designed to carry out a course of action endorsed by a political body, including a set of goals, priorities and main directions for attaining these goals, including legislation and product reformulation mandates. 'Strategy' is defined as a long-term plan designed to achieve a particular goal. Action plan is defined as a scheme or course of action, which may correspond to a policy or strategy, with defined activities indicating who does what, when, how and with what resources to accomplish an objective. ‘Operational’ describes a policy, strategy or plan of action being used and implemented in the country, with resources and funding available to implement it. ‘Multisectoral’ applies to a policy, strategy or plan of action that involves different sectors (e.g., health, agriculture, education, finance). See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

National policy targets

Inclusion of targets related to the global nutrition targets in national policies

Reduce anaemia among women
No
Reduce number of infants born with low birth weight
No
Increase prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in infants 0–5 months
No
Reduce childhood stunting
No
Reduce childhood wasting
No
Reduce childhood overweight
Yes
Reduce adolescent and adult overweight
Yes
Reduce salt/sodium intake
Yes
Reduce raised blood pressure prevalence
Yes
Reduce blood sugar levels/diabetes prevalence
Yes
Multisectoral comprehensive nutrition plan
No

Source: WHO GINA. 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review. 2016–2017.

Notes: Target included in national policies in 2017. Any national government-implemented policy, strategy or plan relevant to improving nutrition and promoting healthy diet was considered for 194 countries. Legislation, codes, regulations, protocols and guidelines, as well as non-governmental policies, were excluded. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Nutrition intervention coverage

Population coverage of key supplementation and fortification interventions

Coverage/practice indicator Total (%) Boy (%) Girl (%) Year
Children aged 0–59 months with diarrhoea in the past two weeks preceding the survey who received zinc treatment No data No data No data No data
Children aged 6–59 months who received two high-dose vitamin A supplements in a calendar year No data No data No data No data
Children aged 6–59 months given iron supplements in the seven days preceding the survey No data No data No data No data
Women with a live birth in the five years preceding the survey who received iron tablets or syrup during antenatal care No data NA NA No data
Households consuming any iodised salt No data NA NA No data

Source: UNICEF. Global databases: Child health. Published online August 2020. Available at: https://data.unicef.org/topic/child-health/diarrhoeal-disease. Accessed 24 August 2021; UNICEF. Global databases: Child health. Published online March 2020. Available at: https://data.unicef.org/resources/dataset/vitamin-supplementation. Accessed 31 August 2021; STATcompiler. The DHS Program. Available at: www.statcompiler.com. Accessed 31 August 2021; UNICEF. Global databases: Iodized salt. Published online June 2019. Available at: https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/iodine. Accessed 24 August 2021.

Notes: Estimates are reported as percentages (%). See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Official development assistance (ODA)

Allocation of ODA for nutrition

Profile data image

Source: Global Nutrition Report based on OECD DAC CRS. 2019.

Notes: Gross official development assistance (ODA) received or disbursed for basic nutrition (CRS code: 12240) reported in US$ millions (constant 2018 prices) and as percentage (%) of the total ODA received/disbursed. Estimates include ODA grants and loans, but excludes other official flows and private grants. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Share section

Social determinants of nutrition

Population composition

Total population, thousands No data
Under-5 population, thousands No data
Over-65 population, thousands No data
Rural population, % 3

Source: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects. 2019. Available at: https://population.un.org/wpp/Download/Standard/Population. Accessed: 31 August 2021.

Notes: Estimates are reported in thousands for total population, population group aged under 5 years, population group aged 65 years and over and as percentage (%) for population living in rural areas. All estimates are based on modelled estimates for 2020. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Prevalence of undernourishment

We have no data for this section

Under-5 mortality rate per 1,000 live births

Profile data image

Source: UNICEF. Global databases: Under-five mortality. Published online September 2020. Available at: http://data.unicef.org/child-mortality/under-five. Accessed 31 August 2021.

Notes: Number of deaths of children aged 0–59 months per 1,000 live births, based on modelled estimates up to 2019. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Population density of health workers per 1,000 people

Type Number Year
Medical doctors 6.11 2014
Nurses and midwives 8.21 2014
Community health workers No data No data

Source: World Bank. Global Health Workforce Statistics. Available at: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator. Accessed 31 August 2021.

Notes: Number of health workers per 1,000 people, based on modelled estimates. Health worker definition and training vary across countries and human resources tend to be concentrated in urban areas, so inferences may be affected. Medical doctors include generalist and specialist medical doctors. Nurses and midwives include professional, auxiliary and enrolled nurses and midwives, as well as other associated personnel, e.g. dental and primary care nurses. Community health workers include various types of community health aides, many with country-specific occupational titles such as community health officers, community health-education workers, family health workers, lady health visitors and health extension package workers. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Source of drinking water

Profile data image

Source: WHO/UNICEF. Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. 2020. Available at: https://washdata.org/data. Accessed 2 September 2021.

Notes: Percentage (%) of population using each drinking water source, based on modelled estimates up to 2020. ‘Safely managed’ refers to using an improved (i.e. by design and construction has the potential to deliver safe water) drinking water source located on the premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination. ‘Basic’ refers to using an improved source, for which water collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip, including queuing. ‘Limited’ refers to an improved source for which water collection time exceeds 30 minutes for a round trip including queuing. ‘Unimproved’ refers to an unprotected dug well or unprotected spring. ‘Surface water’ refers to drinking water directly from a river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal or irrigation canal. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Type of sanitation facility

Profile data image

Source: WHO/UNICEF. Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. 2020. Available at: https://washdata.org/data. Accessed 2 September 2021.

Notes: Percentage (%) of population using different types of sanitation facilities, based on modelled estimates up to 2020. ‘Safely managed’ refers to using improved (i.e. designed to hygienically separate excreta from human contact) sanitation facilities not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed in situ or transported and treated off-site. ‘Basic’ refers to using improved facilities not shared with other households. ‘Limited’ refers to using improved facilities shared between two or more households. ‘Unimproved’ refers to using pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines or bucket latrines. ‘Open defecation’ refers to disposal of human faeces in fields, forests, bushes, open bodies of water, beaches and other open spaces or with solid waste. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Annual gross domestic product (GDP) per capita

Profile data image

Source: International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook database. Published online October 2021. Available at: https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/weo-database/2021/October. Accessed 12 November 2021

Notes: Annual gross domestic product (GDP) per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP) in constant 2017 international dollars. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Population living below the poverty line

We have no data for this section

Country income inequality index

Gini index score Gini index rank Year
No data No data No data

Gender-related determinants

Early childbearing No data No data
Gender Inequality Index (score) No data No data
Gender Inequality Index (country rank) No data No data

Prevalence of female secondary school enrolment

Profile data image

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics. 2019. Available at: http://data.uis.unesco.org/. Accessed 24 August 2021.

Notes: Percentage (net, %) estimates refer to the ratio of female children of official school age enrolled in secondary school to the population of the corresponding official school age. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.

Share section

Environmental impacts

Environmental pressure from the food system

Pressure from the food system on environmental factors as a percentage of total pressure

We have no data for this section

Food system impact on planetary boundaries

We have no data for this section