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The burden of malnutrition at a glance
The Bahamas is 'off course' to meet all of the global nutrition targets for which there was sufficient data to assess progress.
The Bahamas is 'off course' to meet all targets for maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN). No progress has been made towards achieving the target of reducing anaemia among women of reproductive age, with 23.1% of women aged 15 to 49 years now affected. Meanwhile, there has also been no progress towards achieving the low birth weight target, with 13.1% of infants having a low weight at birth. There is insufficient data to assess the progress that the Bahamas has made towards achieving the exclusive breastfeeding target, nor is there adequate prevalence data. Similarly, there is insufficient prevalence data or data to assess the progress that the Bahamas has made towards achieving the target for stunting. There is also insufficient data to assess the progress that the Bahamas has made towards achieving the target for wasting, nor is there adequate prevalence data. There is inadequate prevalence data to show the proportion of children under 5 years of age who are overweight and there is insufficient data available to assess whether the Bahamas is on course to prevent the figure from increasing.
The Bahamas has shown limited progress towards achieving the diet-related non-communicable disease (NCD) targets. The country has shown no progress towards achieving the target for obesity, with an estimated 38.1% of adult (aged 18 years and over) women and 24.4% of adult men living with obesity. The Bahamas' obesity prevalence is higher than the regional average of 27.9% for women and 20.2% for men. At the same time, diabetes is estimated to affect 13.7% of adult women and 11.2% of adult men.
Progress towards the global nutrition targets
WRA anaemiaNo progress or worsening
Low birth weightNo progress or worsening
Exclusive breastfeedingNo data
Under-5 stuntingNo data
Under-5 wastingNo data
Under-5 overweightNo data
Adult female obesityNo progress or worsening
Adult male obesityNo progress or worsening
Adult female diabetesNo progress or worsening
Adult male diabetesNo progress or worsening
Source: WHO Global Health Observatory 2017; UNICEF/WHO low birthweight estimates, 2019; UNICEF global databases Infant and Young Child Feeding, 2020; UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Stunting, Wasting and Overweight (July 2020, New York); NCD Risk Factor Collaboration 2016-2017.
Notes: Progress towards the maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN) and diet-related non-communicable disease (NCD) global nutrition targets is classified as ‘on course’ if the target is met or as ‘off course’ if the target is not met (including ‘some’ progress and ‘no progress or worsening’ country-level classifications). MIYCN targets include anaemia among women of reproductive age (WRA, 15–49 years), infants with low birthweight, exclusive breastfeeding among infants under 6 months of age, and stunting, wasting and overweight in children under 5 years of age. NCD targets include adult obesity and diabetes; raised blood pressure and salt intake are not presented due to lack of country-level data. Obesity and diabetes are based on age-standardised modelled estimates for adults aged 18 years and older, using the WHO standard population; they are reported by sex due to limitations in data availability. Anaemia and low birthweight are also based on modelled estimates. The specific targets set are: 50% reduction of WRA anaemia, 30% reduction in low birthweight, increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months up to at least 50%, 40% reduction of under-5 stunting, reduce and maintain under-5 wasting to less than 5%, no increase in under-5 overweight; and halt the rise in obesity and diabetes prevalence. The methodologies for tracking progress differ across targets. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.
Infant and young child feeding
Prevalence of infant and young child feeding indicators
Dietary intakes of key foods and nutrients in adults aged 25 years and over
Source: Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2020.
Notes: Intakes are reported in grams per day (g/d) for all dietary factors, except for omega 3 fatty acids (milligrams per day; mg/d) and polyunsaturated, saturated and trans fatty acids (percentage of daily energy intake; %E). Intakes are based on modelled estimates for adults aged 25 years and older. Regional intakes are based on population-weighted means of 33 countries and sub-regional intakes are based on population-weighted means of 13 countries. The dietary factors have been selected as those diet components that have a statistically significant relationship with at least one disease endpoint that can be generalisable to all populations. Protective dietary factors include fruit, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds, whole grains, milk, fibre, polyunsaturated fat, omega 3 fatty acids and calcium. Harmful dietary factors include red meats, processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, trans fat and sodium. The theoretical minimum risk of exposure level (TMREL) represents the optimal dietary intake that minimises risk from all causes of deaths combined. For protective dietary factors, risk is assessed for intakes below the TMREL; intakes above the TMREL do not further reduce the risk. For all harmful dietary factors, except sodium, TMREL is set to zero, hence risk is assessed for intakes above the TMREL; for sodium, intakes below the TMREL provide no additional health benefit. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.
Nutrition strategies and financing
National nutrition policies
Implemented national food and NCD policies
- Food-based dietary guidelines
- Legislation for mandatory salt iodisation
- Sugar-sweetened beverage tax
- Policy to reduce salt/sodium consumption
- Policy to limit saturated fatty acid intake
- Policy to eliminate industrially produced trans fatty acids
- Policy to reduce the impact of marketing of foods and beverages high in saturated fats, trans fatty acids, free sugars, or salt on children
- Operational policy, strategy, or action plan to reduce unhealthy diet related to non-communicable diseases
- Operational, multisectoral policy, strategy or action plan for non-communicable diseases
- Operational policy, strategy or action plan for diabetes
Source: Global Fortification Data Exchange, 2019. Available at: https://fortificationdata.org/interactive-map-fortification-legislation. Accessed 30 November 2020; WHO Country Capacity Survey, 2017; WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review, 2016–2017; WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA); World Cancer Research Fund International NOURISHING database; FAO 2020. Available at: http://www.fao.org/nutrition/education/food- based-dietary-guidelines/en. Accessed 30 November 2020; WHO Global Health Observatory, 2020. Available at: https://apps.who.int/gho/data/view.main.2473. Accessed 30 November 2020.
Notes: Country with food-based dietary guidelines in 2018, sugar-sweetened beverage tax in 2017 and all other policies in 2019. Policy is defined as a specific official decision or set of decisions designed to carry out a course of action endorsed by a political body, including a set of goals, priorities and main directions for attaining these goals, including legislation and product reformulation mandates. Strategy is defined as a long-term plan designed to achieve a particular goal. Action plan is defined as a scheme or course of action, which may correspond to a policy or strategy, with defined activities indicating who does what, when, how and with what resources to accomplish an objective. ‘Operational’ describes a policy, strategy or plan of action being used and implemented in the country, with resources and funding available to implement it. ‘Multisectoral’ applies to a policy, strategy or plan of action that involves different sectors (e.g., health, agriculture, education, finance). See Methodology for more information on the indicators.
National policy targets
Inclusion of targets related to the global nutrition targets in national policies
- Reduce anaemia among women
- No data
- Reduce number of infants born with low birth weight
- No data
- Increase prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in infants 0–5 months
- No data
- Reduce child stunting
- No data
- Reduce child wasting
- No data
- Reduce child overweight
- No data
- Reduce adolescent and adult overweight
- No data
- Reduce salt/sodium intake
- No data
- Reduce raised blood pressure prevalence
- No data
- Reduce blood sugar levels/diabetes prevalence
- No data
- Multisectoral comprehensive nutrition plan
Source: WHO GINA, 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review, 2016–2017.
Notes: Target included in national policies in 2017. Any national government-implemented policy, strategy or plan relevant to improving nutrition and promoting healthy diet was considered for 194 countries. Legislation, codes, regulations, protocols and guidelines, as well as non-governmental policies, were excluded. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.
Nutrition intervention coverage
Population coverage of key supplementation and fortification interventions
|Coverage/practice indicator||Total (%)||Boy (%)||Girl (%)||Year|
|Children 0–59 months with diarrhoea in the past two weeks preceding the survey who received zinc treatment||No data||No data||No data||No data|
|Children 6–59 months who received two high-dose vitamin A supplements in a calendar year||No data||No data||No data||No data|
|Children 6–59 months given iron supplements in the seven days preceding the survey||No data||No data||No data||No data|
|Women with a live birth in the five years preceding the survey who received iron tablets or syrup during antenatal care||No data||NA||NA||No data|
|Households consuming any iodised salt||No data||NA||NA||No data|
Source: UNICEF global databases: Child Health (August 2020, New York). Available at: https://data.unicef.org/topic/child-health/diarrhoeal-disease; UNICEF global databases: Child Health (March 2020, New York). Available at: https://data.unicef.org/resources/dataset/vitamin-supplementation; STATcompiler, the DHS Program, 2019. Available at: www.statcompiler.com/en. UNICEF global databases on iodized salt (June 2019, New york). Available at: https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/iodine. Accessed 30 November 2020.
Notes: Estimates are reported as percentages (%). See Methodology for more information on the indicators.
Official development assistance (ODA)
Allocation of ODA for nutrition
Source: Development Initiatives based on OECD DAC CRS, 2019.
Notes: Gross official development assistance (ODA) received or disbursed for basic nutrition (CRS code: 12240) reported in US$ millions (constant 2018 prices) and as percentage (%) of the total ODA received/disbursed. Estimates include ODA grants and loans, but excludes other official flows and private grants. See Methodology for more information on the indicators.