Argentina Nutrition Profile

Country Nutrition Profiles capture the burden of malnutrition at the global, regional, subregional and country level.

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Country overview

Malnutrition burden

Argentina is off course to meet the global targets for anaemia in women of reproductive age, low birth weight, male diabetes, female diabetes, male obesity, and female obesity. There is insufficient target data to assess Argentina's progress for under-five overweight, under-five stunting, under-five wasting, and infant exclusive breastfeeding.

Although it performs relatively well against other developing countries, Argentina still experiences a malnutrition burden among its under-five population. As of 2005, the national prevalence of under-five overweight is 9.9%. The national prevalence of under-five stunting is 8.2%, which is significantly less than the developing country average of 25%. Argentina's under-five wasting prevalence of 1.2% is also less than the developing country average of 8.9%.

In Argentina, 32% of infants under 6 months are exclusively breastfed, this is well below the South America average of 64.2%. Argentina's 2015 low birth weight prevalence of 7.3% has decreased slightly from 7.4% in 2000.

Argentina's adult population also face a malnutrition burden. 18.6% of women of reproductive age have anaemia, and 9.9% of adult men have diabetes, compared to 9.5% of women. Meanwhile, 29% of women and 27.3% of men have obesity.

Sources: UNICEF global databases Infant and Young Child Feeding, UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Group: Joint child malnutrition estimates, UNICEF/WHO Low birthweight estimates, NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, WHO Global Health Observatory.

Notes: Data on the adult indicators are based on modelled estimates.

Progress against global nutrition targets 2019

Under-five stunting

Under-five stunting

No data
Under-five wasting

Under-five wasting

No data
Under-five overweight

Under-five overweight

No data
Low birthweight

Low birthweight

No progress or worsening
Exclusive breastfeeding

Exclusive breastfeeding

No data
Adult female obesity

Adult female obesity

No progress or worsening
Adult male obesity

Adult male obesity

No progress or worsening
Adult female diabetes

Adult female diabetes

No progress or worsening
Adult male diabetes

Adult male diabetes

No progress or worsening
WRA anaemia

WRA anaemia

No progress or worsening

Sources: UNICEF global databases Infant and Young Child Feeding, UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Group: Joint child malnutrition estimates, NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, WHO Global Health Observatory and Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Notes: WRA = Women of a reproductive age; NA = not applicable. The methodologies for tracking differ between targets. Data on the adult indicators are based on modelled estimates.

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Child (under-five) nutrition status

Coexistence of wasting, stunting and overweight

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Sources: UNICEF, Division of Data Research and Policy (2019). UNICEF Global Databases: Overlapping Stunting, Wasting and Overweight, January 2019, New York.

Notes: Percentage of children under-five years of age who experience different and overlapping forms of malnutrition.

Low birth weight

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Source: UNICEF/WHO Low birthweight estimates, 2019 edition.

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Child (under-five) nutrition status over time

Wasting by gender

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Stunting by gender

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Overweight by gender

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Wasting by location

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Stunting by location

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Overweight by location

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Wasting by income

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Stunting by income

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Overweight by income

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Wasting by mother's education

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Stunting by mother's education

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Overweight by mother's education

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Wasting by age

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Stunting by age

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Overweight by age

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Sources: UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Group: Joint child malnutrition estimates.

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Infant and young child feeding over time

Exclusive breastfeeding by gender

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Continued breastfeeding at 1 year by gender

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Minimum acceptable diet by gender

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Intro. to solid, semi-solid, soft foods by gender

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Exclusive breastfeeding by location

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Continued breastfeeding at 1 year by location

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Minimum acceptable diet by location

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Intro. to solid, semi-solid, soft foods by location

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Exclusive breastfeeding by income

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Continued breastfeeding at 1 year by income

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Minimum acceptable diet by income

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Intro. to solid, semi-solid, soft foods by income

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Exclusive breastfeeding by mother's education

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Continued breastfeeding at 1 year by mother's education

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Minimum acceptable diet by mother's education

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Intro. to solid, semi-solid, soft foods by mother's education

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Exclusive breastfeeding by age

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Continued breastfeeding at 1 year by age

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Minimum acceptable diet by age

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Intro. to solid, semi-solid, soft foods by age

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Sources: UNICEF, Division of Data Research and Policy (2019). Global UNICEF Global Databases: Infant and Young Child Feeding, New York, May 2019.

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Infant and young child feeding

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Sources: UNICEF, Division of Data Research and Policy (2019). Global UNICEF Global Databases: Infant and Young Child Feeding: Exclusive breastfeeding, Predominant breastfeeding, New York, May 2019.

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Child and adolescent (aged 5-19) nutrition status

Underweight by gender

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Sources: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration.

Overweight by gender

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Obesity by gender

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Adult nutrition status

Diabetes by gender

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Sources: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration.

Overweight by gender

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Obesity by gender

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Raised blood pressure by gender

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Sources: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration.

Anaemia in WRA

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Source: WHO Global Health Observatory.

Notes: WRA = women of reproductive age.

Salt intake (grams per day)

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Source: Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

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Dietary needs

Consumption of food groups and components, 2016

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Sources: Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Notes: TMREL = theoretical minimum risk of exposure level. Men and women aged 25 and older.

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Intervention coverage

Coverage/practice indicator Total (%) Boy (%) Girl (%) Year
Children 0-59 months with diarrhoea who received zinc treatment No data No data No data No data
Children 6-59 months who received vitamin A supplements in last 6 months No data No data No data No data
Children 6-59 months given iron supplements in past 7 days No data No data No data No data
Women with a live birth in the five years preceding the survey who received iron tablets or syrup during antenatal care No data NA NA No data
Household consumption of any iodised salt No data NA NA No data

Sources: Huestis A. and Kothari M., based on 2016 Global Nutrition Report.

Notes: NA = not applicable. Data is compiled using STATcompiler and taken from country Demographic and Health Surveys for 2005-2018.

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Determinants

Undernourishment

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Source: FAOSTAT 2018.

Food supply

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Source: FAOSTAT 2018.

Gender-related determinants

Early childbearing births by age 18 (%)1 12 2012
Gender Inequality Index (score*)2 0.36 2017
Gender Inequality Index (country rank)2 81 2017

Sources: 1 UNICEF 2018; 2 UNDP 2018.

Notes: *0 = low inequality, 1 = high inequality.

Female secondary education enrolment (net, % population)

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Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2018.

Drinking water coverage (% population)

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Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme 2019.

Sanitation coverage (% population)

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Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme 2019.

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Resources, policies and targets

Development assistance

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Sources: Development Initiatives based on OECD Development Assistance Commitee (DAC) Creditor Reporting System (CRS).

Notes: ODA = official development assistance. Amounts based on gross ODA disbursements, constant 2017 prices. Figure includes ODA grants and loans, but excludes other official flows and private grants.

National policies

Mandatory legislation for salt iodisation Yes
Sugar-sweetened beverage tax Yes
Food-based dietary guidelines Yes
Policy to reduce salt consumption Yes
Operational policy, strategy or action plan to reduce unhealthy diet related to NCDs Yes
Operational, multisectoral national NCD policy, strategy or action plan No
Operational policy, strategy or action plan for diabetes Yes
Policy to reduce the impact on children of marketing of foods and beverages high in saturated fats, trans-fatty acids, free sugars or salt No
Policy to limit saturated fatty acids and virtually eliminate industrially produced trans-fats Yes

Sources: Global Fortification Data Exchange 2018; Sugar-sweetened data prepared using data from the NOURISHING database, academic references and market reports; FAO 2018; WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA), 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review, WHO Global Health Observatory.

Notes: NA = not applicable; NCD = non-communicable disease.

Targets included in national (nutrition or other) plan

Stunting
No
Anaemia
No
Low birth weight
No
Child overweight
Yes
Exclusive breastfeeding
No
Wasting
No
Salt intake
Yes
Overweight adults and adolescents
Yes
Multisectoral comprehensive nutrition plan
Yes

Sources: WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA), 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review.

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Economics and demography

Poverty rates (%) and GDP (PPP$)

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Sources: World Bank 2019, IMF World Economic Outlook Database 2019.

Notes: PPP = purchasing power parity.

Under-five mortality (per 1,000 live births)

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Source: UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation 2018.

Government revenues ($m)

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Sources: IMF Article IV staff reports (country specific) and IMF World Economic Outlook Database (April 2019).

Income inequality

Gini index score1 Gini index rank2 Year
41 107 2017

Sources: World Bank 2019.

Notes: 1 0 = perfect equality, 100 = perfect inequality.2 Countries are ranked from most equal (1) to most unequal (159).

Population

Population (thousands) 44,495 2018
Under-five population (thousands) 3,742 2019
Rural (%) 8 2018
>65 years (thousands) 5,035 2019

Sources: World Bank 2019, UN Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2019.

Population density of health workers per 1,000 people

Physicians 3.91 2013
Nurses and midwives 4.21 2013
Community health workers No data No data

Sources: WHO's Global Health Workforce Statistics, OECD, supplemented by country data.